hectares af corridor connect the two national parks
WhereLanganates National Park, Ecuador
EconomyHempel Foundation: DKK 16 million
The overarching aim for the project is to contribute to SDG15 and thereby protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss.
The project targets Llanganates and Sangay national park in Ecuador and aims to establish an effective governance structure that enables implementation of a overall strategy including ongoing multi-stakeholder coordination of future initiatives.
"protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss." SDG#15
The Llanganates-Sangay Ecological Corridor is not an official protected area, therefore it has no legal protection status. The Corridor is ecologically essential to ensure the connection of the two national parks and is a hotspot for a number of important species. It is considered an emblematic refuge of flora and fauna, for its strategic geographic location that hosts a variety of habitats and landscapes. A management plan does exists for the area but has not been fully implemented yet and therefore the area is not under a true coordinated protection.
The site is divided between a large number of different private land owners. Approximately 60% have titles for the properties, 30% have possession rights and the rest are recent settlers. The Llanganates-Sangay Ecological Corridor is among others threatened due to agriculture, land invasion, unregulated tourisme and mining. The underlying causes of these threats include the rapid population growth, weak institutional capacity of local and regional administrations, inadequate land use planning and lack of conservation legislation at the level of the provinces.
The area is also important for a number of ecosystem services, in particular, it contains an important watershed: the Pastaza River which is the third largest river basin in Ecuador.
An independent situation analysis will be made, which will identify relevant and effective, current and potential initiatives to strengthen connectivity between the Sangay and Llanganates National Parks. The situational analysis will be absolutely key for decisions on design of activities and budget allocation as well as decisions on partners to involve in the project implementation.
It will also have impact on how the various conservation initiatives in the area can be best coordinated to deliver on a joint overarching strategy for improving and conserving the biodiversity and connectivity functions of the corridor. The situational analysis will explore opportunities for establishing financial sustainability mechanisms for the protection of Ecosystem Services and the Sangay-Llanganates Ecological Corridor as a whole.
The project will align with national and local development and conservation policies and plans, including the National Biodiversity Strategy 2015-2030 which establishes the management guidelines for connectivity for conservation purposes, including the design, establishment and management of corridors, to help prevent the loss of biodiversity.